Mechanics

Officials Clock Info Cards and Game Clock Timer and Point Differential Card

These two cards provide information on the game clock and play clock, for timers and officials alike.

The Game Clock Timer and Point Differential card provide points that should be discussed with the Game Clock timer before the game regarding timing and the point differential rule.

Click here to view the Game Clock and Point Differential Discussion card for Timers.

The Officials Play Clock cards provides helpful information for on-field officials to determine the game clock and play clock status.

Click here to view the Play Clock Card for Officials.

Updated August 18, 2019

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Play Clock Chart

The chart below lists the events that cause the play clock to start at 25 or 40 seconds, along with when the game clock starts.

Click here to view the 40/25 Play Clock Chart.

Updated July 21, 2019

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2019 OHSAA Goldbook: Approved Football Officiating Mechanics, Regulations & Standards Handbook

The 2019 OHSAA Goldbook can be viewed by clicking the sections below. The entire Gold Book can also be viewed by clicking here.

You can also download the gold book in its entirety by clicking here.

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Mechanics By Position - Wings

The Mechanics By Position documents focus on the Gold Book mechanics for each position. This document is updated for the 2019 season.

Click here to view the Mechanics By Position for Wings.

Updated July 3, 2019

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Mechanics By Position - Umpire

The Mechanics By Position documents focus on the Gold Book mechanics for each position. This document is updated for the 2019 season.

Click here to view the Mechanics By Position for Umpires.

Updated July 3, 2019

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Mechanics By Position - Referee

The Mechanics By Position documents focus on the Gold Book mechanics for each position. This document is updated for the 2019 season.

Click here to view the Mechanics By Position for Referees

Updated July 3, 2019

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Mechanics By Position - Center Judge

This mechanics document focuses on the Gold Book mechanics for the Center Judge position, used on 6 man crews during the OHSAA playoffs.

Click here to view the Center Judge Mechanics document.

Updated July 3, 2019

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Mechanics By Position - Back Judge

The Mechanics By Position documents focus on the Gold Book mechanics for each position. This document is updated for the 2019 season.

Click here to view the Mechanics By Position for Back Judges.

Updated July 3, 2019

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2018 Non-Kick Mechanics Presentation

This presentation covers the proper mechanics for non-kick plays, and is updated for the 2019 season. It contains mechanics for 4 and 5 man crews. Click here for the presentation.

Updated: July 2, 2019

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2019 Kick Mechanics Presentation

This presentation, updated for the 2019 season, covers the proper mechanics for kick plays. It contains mechanics for 4 and 5 man crews. Click here for the presentation.

Updated July 2, 2019

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Crew card

This document provides a printable crew card for 5-man crews for use during the season. Click here to view the document.

For 6-man crews, please use this card. Click here to view the document.

Updated July 1, 2019

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Penalty Report

A printable penalty report for tracking penalties.

Click here to view the penalty report.

Updated June 12, 2019.

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HL Instructions for Line to Gain Crews

This document provides instructions for the HL in working with the Line To Gain (LTG) crews. Click here to view the document.

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Officiating History: The Striped Shirt

This article is a guest post by Jerry Peters, an OHSAA football official. Enjoy!

Have you ever wondered where the items we wear on the field came from, specifically the striped shirt?

The striped shirt we all wear today was developed in 1921 by Dr. Lloyd Olds. Dr. Olds officiated high school and college football and basketball in the 1920’s and 1930’s. Officials wore white shirts & black bow ties.

During a college football game in 1920 Arizona was playing Michigan State. The Arizona Quarterback handed the ball to Dr. Olds by accident (Arizona was wearing white jerseys). Realizing this mistake could easily be repeated; Dr. Olds worked with a local sporting goods store to develop a shirt to set officials apart from players on the field. Thus the striped shirt was born. The idea actually came to Olds when he was watching a soccer game. They were wearing striped shirts which set them apart from the opposing team.

The stripe shirt made its debut in 1921 when Dr. Olds wore it during a Detroit high school basketball championship game.

By Jerry Peters

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Mechanics - Brief and Concise

The Brief and Concise Mechanics document contains the Gold Book mechanics for 4 and 5 man crews, but in a concise, easy-to-read format. It is an excellent reference to quickly review before a game or if you are working a new position.

Click here to view the Brief and Concise Mechanics.

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The Penalty Flag's History...Did You Know?

This article is a guest post by Jerry Peters, an OHSAA football official. Enjoy!

“Field laundry”, “the yellow rag” or my favorite “a referee’s hanky” these are all nick-names of the yellow penalty flag each Zebra of the gridiron carries at least one of for every game. But just where did the penalty flag come from? The idea for the penalty flag came from Youngstown State football coach Dwight Beede. It was first used in a game against Oklahoma City University on October 17, 1941. However, official adoption of the use of the flag occurred at the 1948 American Football Coaches rules session. In the NFL, NCAA, Arena, high school and flag football the penalty flag is yellow. In Canada the penalty flag used by officials is orange. Until 1965 most penalty flags were white in color, in college penalty flags were red until the mid-1970’s. Prior to the use of flags in 1941 for the game at Yougstown State officials normally used only whistles and horns to signal a penalty had occurred. It wasn’t until September 17, 1948 that NFL officials used flags when the Green Bay Packers played the Boston Yanks. In today’s game NFL and Arena coaches use red flags to challenge rule interpretations.

The cloth is weighted with either beans or sand. Prior to 1999 BBs were also used by some manufacturers to weight the yellow cloth. This was discontinued after an incident in where a thrown flag hit a player in the eye in an NFL game. The injury left the player sitting out for three seasons.

So this season when you reach down to throw your flag… remember the flag has a long history and it all started right here in Ohio in a little town named Youngstown and it was a coach not an official who first thought of it!

By Jerry Peters

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