Mechanics

Mechanics By Position - Center Judge / Umpire

The Mechanics By Position documents focus on the Gold Book mechanics for each position. This document is updated for the 2020 season.

Click here to view the Mechanics By Position for Center Judge / Umpires on crews of 5 officials.

Updated August 30, 2020

Read Article ⇒

Mechanics By Position - Center Judge

This mechanics document focuses on the Gold Book mechanics for the Center Judge position, used on crews with 6 officials.

Click here to view the Center Judge Mechanics document - 6 officials.

Updated August 30, 2020

Read Article ⇒

2020 OHSAA Goldbook: Approved Football Officiating Mechanics, Regulations & Standards Handbook

The 2020 OHSAA Goldbook can be viewed by clicking the sections below. The entire Gold Book can also be viewed by clicking here.

You can also download the gold book in its entirety by clicking here.

Read Article ⇒

Officials Clock Info Cards and Game/Play Clock Timer and Point Differential Card

These three cards provide information on the game clock and play clock, for timers and officials alike.

The Game Clock Timer and Point Differential card provide points that should be discussed with the Game Clock timer before the game regarding timing and the point differential rule.

Click here to view the Game Clock and Point Differential Discussion card for Timers.

The Play Clock sheet provide points that should be discussed with the Play Clock timer before the game.

Click here to view the Play Clock Discussion sheet for Timers.

The Officials Play Clock cards provides helpful information for on-field officials to determine the game clock and play clock status.

Click here to view the Play Clock Card for Officials.

Updated July 20, 2020

Read Article ⇒

Penalty Report

A printable penalty report for tracking penalties.

Click here to view the penalty report.

Updated July 20, 2020.

Read Article ⇒

Mechanics By Position - Wings

The Mechanics By Position documents focus on the Gold Book mechanics for each position. This document is updated for the 2020 season.

Click here to view the Mechanics By Position for Wings.

Updated July 20, 2020

Read Article ⇒

Mechanics By Position - Referee

The Mechanics By Position documents focus on the Gold Book mechanics for each position. This document is updated for the 2020 season.

Click here to view the Mechanics By Position for Referees

Updated July 20, 2020

Read Article ⇒

HL Instructions for Line to Gain Crews

This document provides instructions for the HL in working with the Line To Gain (LTG) crews. Click here to view the document.

Read Article ⇒

Crew card

This document provides a printable crew card for 5-man crews for use during the season. Click here to view the document.

For 6-man crews, please use this card. Click here to view the document.

_Updated July 20, 2020

Read Article ⇒

Mechanics By Position - Back Judge

The Mechanics By Position documents focus on the Gold Book mechanics for each position. This document is updated for the 2020 season.

Click here to view the Mechanics By Position for Back Judges.

Updated July 20, 2020

Read Article ⇒

2020 Non-Kick Mechanics Presentation

This presentation covers the proper mechanics for non-kick plays, and is updated for the 2020 season. It contains mechanics for 4 and 5 man crews. Click here for the presentation.

Updated: July 19, 2020

Read Article ⇒

2020 Kick Mechanics Presentation

This presentation, updated for the 2020 season, covers the proper mechanics for kick plays. It contains mechanics for 4 and 5 man crews. Click here for the presentation.

Updated July 19, 2020

Read Article ⇒

Play Clock Chart

The chart below lists the events that cause the play clock to start at 25 or 40 seconds, along with when the game clock starts.

Click here to view the 40/25 Play Clock Chart.

Updated July 21, 2019

Read Article ⇒

Officiating History: The Striped Shirt

This article is a guest post by Jerry Peters, an OHSAA football official. Enjoy!

Have you ever wondered where the items we wear on the field came from, specifically the striped shirt?

The striped shirt we all wear today was developed in 1921 by Dr. Lloyd Olds. Dr. Olds officiated high school and college football and basketball in the 1920’s and 1930’s. Officials wore white shirts & black bow ties.

During a college football game in 1920 Arizona was playing Michigan State. The Arizona Quarterback handed the ball to Dr. Olds by accident (Arizona was wearing white jerseys). Realizing this mistake could easily be repeated; Dr. Olds worked with a local sporting goods store to develop a shirt to set officials apart from players on the field. Thus the striped shirt was born. The idea actually came to Olds when he was watching a soccer game. They were wearing striped shirts which set them apart from the opposing team.

The stripe shirt made its debut in 1921 when Dr. Olds wore it during a Detroit high school basketball championship game.

By Jerry Peters

Read Article ⇒

Mechanics - Brief and Concise

The Brief and Concise Mechanics document contains the Gold Book mechanics for 4 and 5 man crews, but in a concise, easy-to-read format. It is an excellent reference to quickly review before a game or if you are working a new position.

Click here to view the Brief and Concise Mechanics.

Read Article ⇒

The Penalty Flag's History...Did You Know?

This article is a guest post by Jerry Peters, an OHSAA football official. Enjoy!

“Field laundry”, “the yellow rag” or my favorite “a referee’s hanky” these are all nick-names of the yellow penalty flag each Zebra of the gridiron carries at least one of for every game. But just where did the penalty flag come from? The idea for the penalty flag came from Youngstown State football coach Dwight Beede. It was first used in a game against Oklahoma City University on October 17, 1941. However, official adoption of the use of the flag occurred at the 1948 American Football Coaches rules session. In the NFL, NCAA, Arena, high school and flag football the penalty flag is yellow. In Canada the penalty flag used by officials is orange. Until 1965 most penalty flags were white in color, in college penalty flags were red until the mid-1970’s. Prior to the use of flags in 1941 for the game at Yougstown State officials normally used only whistles and horns to signal a penalty had occurred. It wasn’t until September 17, 1948 that NFL officials used flags when the Green Bay Packers played the Boston Yanks. In today’s game NFL and Arena coaches use red flags to challenge rule interpretations.

The cloth is weighted with either beans or sand. Prior to 1999 BBs were also used by some manufacturers to weight the yellow cloth. This was discontinued after an incident in where a thrown flag hit a player in the eye in an NFL game. The injury left the player sitting out for three seasons.

So this season when you reach down to throw your flag… remember the flag has a long history and it all started right here in Ohio in a little town named Youngstown and it was a coach not an official who first thought of it!

By Jerry Peters

Read Article ⇒